How & When To Prune Shrubs

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SHRUB NAME

WHEN TO PRUNE  HOW TO PRUNE
Abelia SPRING WHILE DORMANT Flowers on new wood, cut to the ground every year to renew

   

Almond, Flowering AFTER FLOWERING Flowers on past seasons wood, remove dead growth or prune to shape the shrub, note: pruning reduces the next seasons blooms for one season

Arborvitae BEFORE SPRING GROWTH BEGINS Do not cut old wood with no leaves

Acuba

JUNE - AUG

Flowers on past seasons wood

Azalea

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood
Barberry

AFTER BLOOMING

Flowers on past seasons wood, pruning while dormant reduces the next seasons blooms, remove old stems to ground every year
Boxwood

AFTER FLOWERING, EARLY SUMMER, LATE SPRING

Mid-season clipping if you are shaping your hedge
Broom

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood

Butterfly Bush

BEFORE SPRING GROWTH BEGINS

Flowers on new wood, cut to the ground every year to renew

Crape Myrtle

BEFORE SPRING GROWTH BEGINS

Flowers on new wood, cut to the ground every year to renew no later than EARLY FALL

Dogwood, red twig

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on new wood, remove old stems yearly to renew

Euonymus

AFTER FLOWERING

Mid-season clipping if you are shaping your hedge

Forsythia

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood, remove dead growth or prune to shape the shrub, note: pruning during dormancy reduces the next seasons bloom

Fothergilla

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood, remove dead growth or prune to shape the shrub, note: pruning while dormant reduces the next seasons bloom

Hibiscus

SPRING

Flowers on new wood

Holly

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood, remove dead growth or prune to shape the shrub, clip mid-season if used as a hedge

Honeysuckle

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on new growth, remove old stems yearly to renew, mid-season clipping if used as a hedge

Hydrangea (Spring Bloom)

MARCH IF NECESSARY OR AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood

Hydrangea (Summer Bloom)

MARCH IF NECESSARY OR AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on current season wood

Juniper

LATE SPRING OR EARLY SUMMER

Grows on past seasons wood

Lilac

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood, pruning while dormant reduces the next seasons bloom, remove old stems yearly to renew
Mock Orange

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood, pruning while dormant reduces the next seasons bloom, remove old stems yearly to renew

Mountain Laurel

LATE SUMMER AFTER BLOOM

Flowers on past seasons wood, pruning while dormant reduces the next seasons bloom

Mugo Pine

SPRING

Snap new growth in half when needles are 1/2 - 2/3 mature size

Privet

AS NECESSARY

Sheer if used as a hedge

Potentilla

SPRING BEFORE NEW GROWTH APPEARS

Flowers on current season wood, remove old stems yearly to renew
Pussy Willow

APRIL-JULY

Flowers on past seasons wood, pruning while dormant reduces the next seasons bloom
Pyracantha

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood, pruning while dormant reduces the next seasons bloom, cut far below diseased wood, disinfect tools

Rhododendron

EARLY SPRING OR AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood, pruning while dormant reduces the next seasons bloom

Rose

SPRING

Flowers on current season growth 

Rose of Sharon

BEFORE SPRING GROWTH BEGINS

Flowers on new wood
Spirea
(Spring Bloom)

EARLY SPRING WHILE DORMANT

Flowers on past seasons wood, pruning while dormant reduces the next seasons bloom
Spirea
(Summer Bloom)

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on new wood
Sumac

EARLY SPRING BEFORE NEW GROWTH APPEARS OR AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on new wood, remove old stems yearly to renew
Vibernum  (Deciduous)

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on new wood, remove old stems yearly to renew
Vibernum  (Evergreen)

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on new wood
Weigela

AFTER FLOWERING

Flowers on past seasons wood, remove old stems yearly to renew
Yew

EARLY SPRING

Mid season sheer if used as a hedge